On the Fourth of July we bless the signing of the Acknowledgment of Independence, which Ayn Rand alleged the “greatest certificate in animal history.” Why? Because it was the aboriginal time that association was subordinated to moral law. In her seminal essay, “Man’s Rights,” Rand wrote:
“The assumption of man’s alone rights represented an addendum of chastity into the amusing arrangement — as a limitation on the ability of the state, as man’s aegis adjoin the animal force of the collective, as the ascendancy of ability to right. The United States was the aboriginal moral association in history.”
Previously, men were disqualified either by a baron who claimed a all-powerful appropriate to rule, or by an aristocratic few allegedly adored with some above insight, or by the many, through the mob aphorism of democracy. Rights were advised grants of permission that could be aloof whenever the one, the few or the abounding dictated. Man was actuality to cede his activity to baron or board or to association for the greater good.
America’s Founding Fathers afflicted that. For the aboriginal time in history association was subordinated to moral law by authoritative the aegis of alone rights government’s purpose. Eleven years after they crafted the U.S. Constitution, with the allegorical attempt that bound government’s admiral with a alternation of checks and balances, and the Bill of Rights, accepted by the bodies for their accord to the Constitution.
As a assignment of logic, the acknowledgment is a syllogism — that it, is a analytic altercation complete a above premise, a accessory apriorism and a conclusion. The above apriorism is Thomas Jefferson’s ablaze accretion of John Locke’s approach of government, captured in the aboriginal book of the declaration’s additional paragraph, which is account account today:
“We authority these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are able by their Creator with assertive unalienable rights, that amid these are life, alternative and the following of happiness, that to defended these rights, governments are instituted amid men, anticipation their aloof admiral from the accord of the governed, that whenever any anatomy of government becomes annihilative of these ends, it is the appropriate of the bodies to adapt or abate it, and to convention new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and acclimation its admiral in such form, as to them shall assume best acceptable to affect their assurance and happiness.”
The accessory apriorism is the account of 27 grievances adjoin the baron of Great Britain, who was gluttonous “the enactment of an complete absolutism over these states.”
Notice there is not one affliction adjoin the baron for not accouterment for the “needs of the people.” The Founding Fathers accepted that for governments to accommodate for “needs” it charge booty from the haves to accord to the have-nots, which violates the rights of the haves. Indeed, the American colonists, affluent and poor, acquainted the king’s baste actionable their rights as he plundered their towns to accommodate for his needs to appoint absolutism on them.
The declaration’s cessation is: “We therefore, the assembly of the United States of America … actively broadcast and acknowledge that these colonies are, and of appropriate care to be, chargeless and absolute states.”
As the aftereffect of this advocate founding, America blossomed into the wealthiest nation in the world. In her accent at West Point to the Corps of Cadets, Ayn Rand paid accolade to America:
“I can say — not as a affectionate bromide, but with abounding ability of the all-important metaphysical, epistemological, ethical, political and artful roots — that the United States of America is the greatest, the noblest and, in its founding principles, the alone moral country in the history of the world.”
Enjoy and bless the 241st ceremony of the founding of America.
Long-time Annapolis citizen Talbot Manvel is alum of the Naval Academy, St. John’s College and the Ayn Rand Institute. Contact him at [email protected]
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