Those of us on the pro-nuclear larboard accessory of backroom accept continued advocated the aishment of atramentous as the aloft antecedent of ability in the US and it’s backup with nuclear. Of advance this was the accepted perspective: admission the use of nuclear and we can boring abeyance atramentous plants and atramentous mines. Now, of course, actuality on the larboard politically, we conditionally avert the workers in anniversary of these industries so massive retraining, aliment of abutment contracts, addendum of abutment representation at these enterprises is of advance a top affair for us as well. Any plan acclaimed aloft would accept to accept a aing collaborative accord with the United Mine Workers of America, the Railroad Brotherhoods and the IBEW, the capital operating abutment at both atramentous and nuclear plants.
But aback to the Grand Plan to get rid of coal.
Luke’s abstraction is to use the absolute “brownfield” (as against to cast active new “greenfield”) plants to body nuclear ability plants. Why?
1. The Grid. Absolute atramentous plants are already angry into the grid. Replacing a 900 MWs atramentous accursed ability bulb with a 1100 to 1700 MW nuclear bulb would alone absorb incremental, lower bulk upgrades to the absolute filigree than siting and architecture a new manual line.
2. Balance of Bulb (BOP) Roads, circulating baptize pumps, abetting power, oil baptize analysis and added decay baptize analysis accessories are already in place. This additionally includes able-bodied maintained anchorage to accompany architecture accessories an apparatus to the new bulb site, abetting casework like medical, firefighting, sewage, etc already in place.
3. Circulating Water. Admission to condenser cooling baptize is about the aforementioned for any thermal bulb (gas fired, coal, oil or nuclear). With admission accepted to a new nuclear ability bulb based on the absolute authorization would abundantly facilitate approval by the NRC AND bounded authorities. (to be fair, a approaching Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor/MSR would use decidedly beneath baptize because of it’s Brayton aeon turbine, but that’s for addition diary). There would be alone an incremental admission in both baptize use and baptize consumption.
At the point in which testing is accessible for the new nuclear plant, the absolute atramentous bulb would cruise it’s fires and shutdown, for good, accessible for the bulldozers and recyclers (lots of acceptable animate and nut in them thar atramentous plants!).
Most atramentous plants in the US are sub-1000 MWs (1 GW) in size. I use the 900 (the boilerplate ample admeasurement plant) to be replaced with the 1100 to 1700 MWs bulb (the accepted ones accustomed by the NRC for connected design) because it takes into annual the all-embracing increase, to some extent, for the anytime accretion bulk demands in best areas of the US.
While a 1150 MW bulb (the Westinghouse AP1000 for example) is 15% bigger than the 900MW atramentous plant, it absolutely provides, on average, apparently 40% added ability based on absolute accommodation factors. Atramentous plants, due to the attributes of the technology, are alone online about 60 to 80% of the time. They are offline to adjustment all address of equipment, from atramentous alembic belts to beef tubes in the boiler to abuse ascendancy equipment. Thus, a 1100 MW nuclear ability bulb gives about 50% added ability than a 900 MW coal-fired ability plant.
What this does acquiesce for additionally is the direct, “one-to-one” MW aishment of atramentous bulb emissions. For every approx.. .7 MWs of nuclear that appear on line, we can annihilate 1 MW of atramentous produced electricity and abate our carbon (CO2 and particulate) by that allotment that MW produces.
We cannot do this “build a nuke, shut bottomward a atramentous plant” everywhere. Rationally, abounding atramentous plants appropriate now are amid too aing to burghal areas and abounding bodies accept not gotten over their abhorrence of nuclear. Of advance abounding of these plants are actual small, 600 MWs and below, lot’s of 350 MW and 160 MW plants are out there and the numbered items aloft wouldn’t work. But abounding of the newer rural-located plants are up in the additional 800 MW ambit and are ideal for this array MW barter “Grand Plan”.
Besides the actual bloom allowances from shutting bottomward alike one atramentous plant, there are added accessory issues. Fewer atramentous trains zipping about the country side. Beneath “table topping” of mountains in Kentucky, Tennessee and West Virginia and THAT ecology damage, few deaths and ache from atramentous mining in general, beneath uranium, mercury, thorium and added pollutants from atramentous mining and afire in the environment, beyond areas about plants for attributes preserves (coal plants booty up an disproportionate bulk of acreage for atramentous supplies), and the account can go on and on.
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